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There are mainly two types of diabetes, type-1 and type-2 diabetes. Type-2 diabetes is much more common than type-1 diabetes. Type-2 diabetes accounts for almost 90% of all cases diabetes. Diabetes is an extremely common disease all over the world. Currently nearly 17 million Americans suffer from this disease. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. Despite the fact that about 17 million Americans have type-2 diabetes only half of these people are aware that they have diabetes. People who suffer from diabetes have lower survival rates compared to those who have no diabetes. Patients with diabetes have 11-fold increased mortality compared to persons without the disease. Type-2 diabetes affects the elderly population than the younger folks.

The occurrence of diabetes in persons 45 to 64 years of age is 7 percent, but the diagnosis rate significantly increases in persons 65 years of age or older. All over the world, Type-2 diabetes accounts for more than 90% of all diabetes. Over 100 million people worldwide have type-2 diabetes, and the prevalence is increasing significantly in both the developed and developing worlds. Type-2 diabetes is a lifelong chronic illness, which generally starts in middle age or later part of life, but can start at any age.

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Nicotine as main culprit in diabetes complications

Nicotine as main culprit in diabetes complications
Scientists today reported the first strong evidence implicating nicotine as the main culprit responsible for persistently elevated blood sugar levels � and the resulting increased risk of serious health complications � in people who have diabetes and smoke. In a presentation at the 241st National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS), they said the discovery also may have implications for people with diabetes who are using........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 3/28/2011 8:11:19 AM)


New Devices to Help Control Diabetes

New Devices to Help Control Diabetes
There are more than 21 million diabetics in the United States and most of them control diabetes for many hours every day. People must maintain blood sugar levels as much as possible. However, it requires testing; proper maintenance and eating foods that can help them achieve their goal of controlling the signs of diabetes.......Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 2/15/2011 08:17:50 AM)


Taking more steps every day

Taking more steps every day
Simply taking more steps every day not only helps ward off obesity but also rso reduces the risk of diabetes, finds a study published on bmj.com today. While several studies have shown that physical activity reduces body mass index and insulin resistance - an early stage in the development of diabetes - this is the first study to estimate the effects of long-term changes in daily step count on insulin sensitivity. A popular guideline is to do........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 1/16/2011 10:17:50 PM)


Grow your own transplant

Grow your own transplant
Men with type 1 diabetes appears to be able to grow their own insulin-producing cells from their testicular tissue, say Georgetown University Medical Center (GUMC) scientists who presented their findings today at the American Society of Cell Biology 50th annual meeting in Philadelphia. Their laboratory and animal study is a proof of principle that human spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) extracted from testicular tissue can morph into........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 12/13/2010 7:09:19 AM)


Biological clock and diabetes

Biological clock and diabetes
Biologists have observed that a key protein that regulates the biological clocks of mammals also regulates glucose production in the liver and that altering the levels of this protein can improve the health of diabetic mice. Their discovery, detailed in this week's advanced online publication of the journal Nature Medicine, provides an entirely new biochemical approach for researchers to develop therapys for obesity and type 2 diabetes. It........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 9/20/2010 7:15:15 AM)


New diabetes risk assessment developed

New diabetes risk assessment developed
A team from the University of Leicester, led by Professor Melanie Davies from the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences and Professor Kamlesh Khunti from the Department of Health Sciences, has developed an easy way for people to assess their risk of having diabetes. Working in partnership with Diabetes UK, the largest diabetes charity in the country, and University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, they have produced the first diabetes risk........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 8/11/2010 7:42:29 PM)


Gestational diabetes may recur in future pregnancies

Gestational diabetes may recur in future pregnancies
There is an increased risk of recurring gestational diabetes in pregnant women who developed gestational diabetes during their first and second pregnancies, as per a Kaiser Permanente study appearing online in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology The study of 65,132 women observed that in comparison to women without gestational diabetes in their first and second pregnancies, women who developed gestational diabetes during their........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 7/12/2010 6:56:45 AM)


Diabetes patients who have a lower propensity to reach out

Diabetes patients who have a lower propensity to reach out
Mistrust can exact a high toll. Being overly cautious or dismissive in relating to people, scientists are learning, may shorten the lives of people with diabetes. Diabetes patients who have a lower propensity to reach out to others have a higher mortality rate than those who feel comfortable seeking support. These are the findings of a five-year study reported by Dr. Paul Ciechanowski, associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 3/17/2010 8:28:43 PM)


Diabetes' link to eating disorders

Diabetes' link to eating disorders
Diabetics, under the gun to better manage their disease by controlling their food intake and weight, may find themselves in the sticky wicket of needing therapy that makes them hungry, scientists said. Attempts to maintain healthy blood sugar levels and prevent weight gain may suggest an eating disorder when the disease and its therapy are to blame, said Dr. Deborah Young-Hyman, pediatric psychology expert at the Medical College of Georgia's........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 3/12/2010 7:56:53 AM)


Aim at cure: type 1 diabetes

Aim at cure: type 1 diabetes
A hormone responsible for the body's stress response is also associated with the growth of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, as per JDRF- funded scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in California. The findings are the latest advances to underscore the potential for regeneration as a key component of a possible cure for type 1 diabetes. The research, which was reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 2/3/2010 2:24:43 PM)


Diabetes complications in depressed patients

Diabetes complications in depressed patients
Depression raises risks of advanced and severe complications from diabetes, as per a prospective study of Group Health primary-care patients in western Washington. These complications include kidney failure or blindness, the result of small vessel damage, as well as major vessel problems leading to heart attack or stroke. The findings were published this week in Diabetes Care, a scientific journal of the American Diabetes Association. The........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 1/28/2010 7:42:29 AM)


Sleep apnea and diabetes

Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 1/14/2010 5:27:15 PM)


 

Helping Diabetes Patients

Helping Diabetes Patients
People with diabetes could be helped by a new type of self-monitoring blood glucose sensor being developed by ASU engineers and clinicians at Mayo Clinic in Arizona. More than 23 million people in the United States have diabetes. The disease is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States. It contributes to a higher risk for heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, lower extremity amputations and other chronic conditions. A........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 3/15/2011 10:14:51 PM)


Fatty liver and Type 2 diabetes

Fatty liver and Type 2 diabetes
A recent study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM) observed that individuals with fatty liver were five times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those without fatty liver. This higher risk seemed to occur regardless of the patient's fasting insulin levels, which were used as a marker of insulin resistance. In recent years, fatty liver has become more appreciated........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 2/24/2011 7:56:14 AM)


brain insulin plays critical role in the development of diabetes

brain insulin plays critical role in the development of diabetes
Scientists from Mount Sinai School of Medicine have discovered a novel function of brain insulin, indicating that impaired brain insulin action appears to be the cause of the unrestrained lipolysis that initiates and worsens type 2 diabetes in humans. The research is published this month in the journal Cell Metabolism. Led by Christoph Buettner, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine in the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone Disease........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 2/20/2011 11:59:06 AM)


Computer model predicts success in diabetes

Computer model  predicts success in diabetes
A La Jolla Institute team, led by leading type 1 diabetes researcher Matthias von Herrath, M.D., has demonstrated the effectiveness of a recently developed computer model in predicting key information about nasal insulin therapy regimens in type 1 (juvenile) diabetes. Development of the software, the Type 1 Diabetes PhysioLab Platform, was funded through the peer-evaluated grant program of the American Diabetes Association. The findings,........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 12/9/2010 7:11:32 AM)


Understanding diabetes at the molecular level

Understanding diabetes at the molecular level
United States and Japanese scientists have identified a key step in metabolic pathways associated with diabetes and cancer. The study on activation of the protein complex TORC 2 was published online in the journal Current Biology Oct. 28. TORC 2 activates a protein called Akt, which plays a crucial role in how cells respond to insulin, said Kazuo Shiozaki, professor of microbiology in the College of Biological Sciences at UC Davis and senior........Go to the Diabetes-news-blog (Added on 11/8/2010 8:01:02 AM)


Insulin May Reduce Several Inflammatory Factors

Insulin May Reduce Several Inflammatory Factors
Treating intensive care patients who develop life-threatening bacterial infections, or septicemia, with insulin potentially could reduce their chances of succumbing to the infection, if results of a new preliminary study can be replicated in a larger study. A paper published online ahead of print in Diabetes Care reports that insulin lowered the amount of inflammation and oxidative stress in study participants who had been injected with a........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 9/9/2010 6:57:52 AM)


Early detection of diabetes

Early detection of diabetes
Having discovered a dramatic increase of an easy-to-detect enzyme in the red blood cells of people with diabetes and prediabetes, Johns Hopkins researchers say the discovery could lead to a simple, routine test for detecting the subtle onset of the disease, before symptoms or complications occur and in time to reverse its course. Pilot studies, published online April 22 in Diabetes, show the enzyme O-GlcNAcase is up to two to three times........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 7/9/2010 6:48:54 AM)


For Women with Gestational Diabetes

For Women with Gestational Diabetes
A common test to diagnose gestational diabetes - a temporary condition which can harm both mother and child if left untreated - also has predictive power for Type II adult-onset diabetes, a new Tel Aviv University study finds. Dr. Gabriel Chodick of Tel Aviv University's Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine at the Sackler Faculty of Medicine has proven that women who "fail" the glucose challenge test, a series of four blood........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 7/8/2010 7:05:03 AM)


Caution in reducing blood pressure in patients with diabetes, coronary disease

Caution in reducing blood pressure in patients with diabetes, coronary disease
For patients with diabetes and heart disease, less isn't always more at least when it comes to blood pressure. New data show an increased risk of heart attack, stroke or death for patients having blood pressure deemed too high or too low, as per Rhonda Cooper-DeHoff, Pharm.D., an associate professor of pharmacy and medicine at UF. She reported her findings today (Sunday, March 14) at the American College of Cardiology's 59th annual........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 3/14/2010 8:00:24 PM)


Diabetes drug increases risk for bone fractures

Diabetes drug increases risk for bone fractures
A Henry Ford Hospital study finds women with type 2 diabetes who take a usually prescribed class of medications to treat insulin resistance appears to be at a higher risk for developing bone fractures. After taking a thiazolidinedione (TZD) for one year, women are 50 percent more likely to have a bone fracture than patients not taking TZDs, as per study results. And those at the greatest risk for fractures from TZD use are women older than........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 2/11/2010 8:23:11 AM)


Diabetes patients rank health concerns

Diabetes patients rank health concerns
About one-third of doctors and their patients with diabetes do not see eye to eye on the most important health conditions to manage, as per a survey by the University of Michigan Medical School. While both groups frequently ranked diabetes and high blood pressure among their top concerns, 38 percent of doctors were more likely to rank high blood pressure as the most important, while only 18 percent of diabetics said it was the most........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 2/2/2010 9:18:45 AM)


From biological basics to diabetes discovery

From biological basics to diabetes discovery
In two major studies published in Nature Genetics today, scientists use biological understanding to dissect the genetics of diabetes. An international team comprising scientists from more than 100 institutions analysed vast suites of genetic data from more than 100,000 people of European descent to uncover the associations. In the first study, the team identified ten novel genetic markers for biological traits underlying type 2 diabetes. In........Go to the Diabetes-watch-blog (Added on 1/18/2010 8:11:26 AM)


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